Record Details

NGOCampaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)
AddressCND, 162 Holloway Road, London, N7 8DQ
Telephone020 7700 2393
Background InformationCND, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, is a pressure group seeking unilateral nuclear disarmament, as a step towards global disarmament, alongside a more general commitment to campaigning for a peaceful global future. CND launched its campaign in the context of the nuclear proliferation and fears of global nuclear war of the 1950s. Its annual Aldermaston marches attracted media attention and membership grew rapidly. CND drew particular support from the Quakers and the Labour party, as well as former anti-nuclear campaigns such as the British Peace Committee and the Direct Action Committee. CND was formed out of, and replaced, the National Council for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons Tests (NCANWT). In 1960, CND established a Committee of 100 to oversee its non-violent direct action activities. Following the Cuban missile crisis and the apparent success of multilateralism, support for CND dwindled. This was reversed from 1979, with the decision to site American Pershing and Cruise missiles in Europe reigniting fears of nuclear conflict. Again, following the end of the Cold War, membership numbers fell away. The new century has been a period of renewed activity for the body, opposing both the 2003 invasion of Iraq, and the British government's intention to renew or replace the Trident nuclear weapons system. Sources:; Barberis et al 2000 pp331-2; Byrne Social Movements in Britain 1997 p91
Year Created1958
Other Names / Antecedent BodiesNational Council for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons Tests (NCANWT)
Related OrganisationsDirect Action Committee; British Peace Committee; Greenham Common Womens Peace Campaign; Ad Hoc Committee for Peace in the Falklands; Network of Christian Peace Organisations; British Nuclear Test Ban Coalition; Committee of 100
KeywordsWar, conflict and pacifism.
Last Edited ByRC at 16/10/2007 11:43:23